Kategoriarkiv: Publications

Boklansering

Invitasjon til presentasjon av bok om Action research and territorial development.

Om boken:

“In this book we reflect on micro knowledge creation processes between territorial development actors and researchers facing the challenge of finding actionable solutions in their territories. Our aim is to reflect inside out: the reflections are on processes we have participated in together with territorial actors (elected politicians, civil servants, representatives of development agencies and industry).”

Presentasjonen avholdes på UiA Grimstad, 26. mars kl 12.00. Det vil bli servert mat og drikke. For påmelding, send kontaktinformasjon til james.karlsen@agderforskning.no

Combined Innovation Policy: Linking Scientific and Practical Knowledge in Innovation Systems

New research indicates that firms combining the science-based STI (Science, Technology, Innovation) and the experience-based DUI (Doing, Using, Interacting) modes of innovation are more efficient when it comes to improving innovation capacity and competitiveness. With regard to innovation policy, the STI mode calls for a supply-driven policy, typically aimed to commercialize research results. The DUI mode suggests a demand-driven policy approach, such as supporting the development of new products or services to specific markets. This article analyses how the two types of innovation policies and the two innovation modes can be combined in regional innovation systems (RISs). The analysis builds on studies of the food industry and related knowledge organizations in two counties, Rogaland County (Norway) and Skåne County (Sweden), and two policy initiatives (NCE Culinology and Skåne Food Innovation Network) aimed at strengthening the innovative capability of the RISs. The analysis indicates that policies aimed to link science- and user-driven innovation activity should focus on building absorptive capacity of DUI firms (e.g. through increased scientific competence) and implementation capacity of STI firms (e.g. through increased market and process competence).

Download the article HERE

Innovasjon – organisasjon, region, politikk

Hva kjennetegner den norske innovasjonsmåten? Innovasjon – organisasjon, region, politikk diskuterer sentrale begreper, modeller og teorier for innovasjon fra den internasjonale faglitteraturen, og setter dem i sammenheng med særegenheter ved norsk økonomi.

Boken gir innsikt i hvordan innovasjonsaktivitet foregår i bedrifter og regioner, og hvorfor noen bedrifter og regioner fremstår som særlig innovative, mens andre bedrifter og regioner i liten grad evner å utvikle nye varer og tjenester. Videre beskriver boken hvordan innovasjonspolitikk utvikles og gjennomføres, og Norges utfordringer og muligheter innen innovasjonspolitikk.

Skrevet av Birgit Abelsen, Arne Isaksen og Stig-Erik Jakobsen (red.)

Boken kan kjøper HER

Municipalities as Governance Network Actors in Rural Communities

The concept of rural network governance can include different practices, and it is important to gain insight into governance role formation processes. The ability of rural municipalities to effectively perform their role as  governance network actors is significantly influenced by municipal organization and norms. Small differences can have big consequences and lead municipalities into different types of governance network roles. This is important to consider in situations where rural communities are facing imbalances and the municipalities increasingly are expected to engage in new roles and take more responsibility for local development. Effective strategies for using local network structures can help rural communities achieve sustainable development. We develop four different governance network models and discuss how the municipal authorities and citizen groups in two rural communities in Setesdal, Norway, perceive the current governance role of the municipality as well as their views on how this role ideally should be performed. We conclude that explanations for the different strategies relate mainly to norms and processes that are endogenous to the communities, which may indicate that rural municipalities have a great deal of autonomy in deciding how to use local network resources.

Buy the article here

What is Region in Regional Clusters?

This is the title of a paper that professor Arne Isaksen and senior researcher James Karlsen has published in the journal Industry and Innovation.

This paper focuses on the question to what extent knowledge sources in regional clusters stimulate the innovation activity of cluster firms. In doing so we contribute to the literature by combining two analytical approaches: by (1) distinguishing firms dominated by different innovation modes; and (2) differentiating between inter-organizational linkages and open knowledge environments as two distinct knowledge sources. Based on data from the Agder equipment supplier industry we demonstrate that mobility of labour, local buzz and inter-organizational linkages are key regional knowledge sources, but clearly more so for some types of firms than others.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13662716.2012.669616